The definitive list of the most frequently used words in academic written English

These are the most common words used in academic written English

You can download the full list as a .pdf. These words are essential if you are writing essays and dissertations, or if you are taking academic English exams.

A list of the most common words in academic English writing

Headwords Other words in the family
abandon abandoned, abandoning, abandonment, abandons
abstract abstraction, abstractions, abstractly, abstracts
academy academia, academic, academically, academics, academies
access accessed, accesses, accessibility, accessible, accessing, inaccessible
accommodate accommodated, accommodates, accommodating, accommodation
accompany accompanied, accompanies, accompaniment, accompanying, unaccompanied
accumulate accumulated, accumulating, accumulation, accumulates
accurate accuracy, accurately, inaccuracy, inaccuracies, inaccurate
achieve achievable, achieved, achievement, achievements, achieves, achieving
acknowledge acknowledged, acknowledges, acknowledging, acknowledgement, acknowledgements
acquire acquired, acquires, acquiring, acquisition, acquisitions
adapt adaptability, adaptable, adaptation, adaptations, adapted, adapting, adaptive, adapts
adequate adequacy, adequately, inadequacies, inadequacy, inadequate, inadequately
adjacent
adjust adjusted, adjusting, adjustment, adjustments, adjusts, readjust, readjusted, readjusting, readjustment, readjustments, readjusts
administrate administrates, administration, administrations, administrative, administratively, administrator, administrators
adult adulthood, adults
advocate advocacy, advocated, advocates, advocating
affect affected, affecting, affective, affectively, affects, unaffected
aggregate aggregated, aggregates, aggregating, aggregation
aid aided, aiding, aids, unaided
albeit
allocate allocated, allocates, allocating, allocation, allocations
alter alterable, alteration, alterations, altered, altering, alternate, alternating, alters, unalterable, unaltered
alternative alternatively, alternatives
ambiguous ambiguities, ambiguity, unambiguous, unambiguously
amend amended, amending, amendment, amendments, amends
analogy analogies, analogous
analyse analysed, analyser, analysers, analyses, analysing, analysis, analyst, analysts, analytic, analytical, analytically
annual annually
anticipate anticipated, anticipates, anticipating, anticipation, unanticipated
apparent apparently
append appendix, appended, appends, appending, appendices, appendixes
appreciate appreciable, appreciably, appreciated, appreciates, appreciating, appreciation, unappreciated
approach approachable, approached, approaches, approaching, unapproachable
appropriate appropriacy, appropriately, appropriateness, inappropriacy, inappropriate, inappropriately
approximate approximated, approximately, approximates, approximating, approximation, approximations
arbitrary arbitrariness, arbitrarily
area areas
aspect aspects
assemble assembled, assembles, assemblies, assembling, assembly
assess assessable, assessed, assesses, assessing, assessment, assessments, reassess, reassessed, reassessing, reassessment, unassessed
assign assigned, assigning, assignment, assignments, assigns, reassign, reassigned, reassigning, reassigns, unassigned
assist assistance, assistant, assistants, assisted, assisting, assists, unassisted
assume assumed, assumes, assuming, assumption, assumptions
assure assurance, assurances, assured, assuredly, assures, assuring
attach attached, attaches, attaching, attachment, attachments, unattached
attain attainable, attained, attaining, attainment, attainments, attains, unattainable
attitude attitudes
attribute attributable, attributed, attributes, attributing, attribution
author authored, authoring, authors, authorship
authority authoritative, authorities
automate automatic, automated, automates, automating, automatically, automation
available availability, unavailable
aware awareness, unaware
behalf
benefit beneficial, beneficiary, beneficiaries, benefited, benefiting, benefits
bias biased, biases, biasing, unbiased
bond bonded, bonding, bonds
brief brevity, briefed, briefing, briefly, briefs
bulk bulky
capable capabilities, capability, incapable
capacity capacities, incapacitate, incapacitated
category categories, categorisation, categorise, categorised, categorises, categorising, categorizing
cease ceased, ceaseless, ceases, ceasing
challenge challenged, challenger, challengers, challenges, challenging
channel channelled, channelling, channels
chapter chapters
chart charted, charting, charts, uncharted
chemical chemically, chemicals
circumstance circumstances
cite citation, citations, cited, citing, cites
civil
clarify clarification, clarified, clarifies, clarifying, clarity
classic classical, classics
clause clauses
code coded, codes, coding
coherent coherence, coherently, incoherent, incoherently
coincide coincided, coincides, coinciding, coincidence, coincidences, coincident, coincidental
collapse collapsed, collapses, collapsible, collapsing
colleague colleagues
commence commenced, commences, commencement, commencing, recommences, recommenced, recommencing
comment commentaries, commentary, commentator, commentators, commented, commenting, comments
commission commissioned, commissioner, commissioners, commissioning, commissions
commit commitment, commitments, commits, committed, committing
commodity commodities
communicate communicable, communicated, communicates, communicating, communication, communications, communicative, communicatively, uncommunicative
community communities
compatible compatibility, incompatibility, incompatible
compensate compensated, compensates, compensating, compensation, compensations, compensatory
compile compilation, compilations, compiled, compiles, compiling
complement complementary, complemented, complementing, complements
complex complexities, complexity
component componentry, components
compound compounded, compounding, compounds
comprehensive comprehensively
comprise comprised, comprises, comprising
compute computation, computational, computations, computable, computer, computed, computerised, computers, computing
conceive conceivable, conceivably, conceived, conceives, conceiving, inconceivable, inconceivably
concentrate concentrated, concentrates, concentrating, concentration
concept conception, concepts, conceptual, conceptualisation, conceptualise, conceptualised, conceptualises, conceptualising, conceptually
conclude concluded, concludes, concluding, conclusion, conclusions, conclusive, conclusively, inconclusive, inconclusively
concurrent concurrently
conduct conducted, conducting, conducts
confer conference, conferences, conferred, conferring, confers
confine confined, confines, confining, unconfined
confirm confirmation, confirmed, confirming, confirms
conflict conflicted, conflicting, conflicts
conform conformable, conformability, conformance, conformation, conformed, conforming, conformist, conformists, conformity, conforms, nonconformist, nonconformists, nonconformity, non-conformist, non-conformists, non-conformity
consent consensus, consented, consenting, consents
consequent consequence, consequences, consequently
considerable considerably
consist consisted, consistency, consistent, consistently, consisting, consists, inconsistencies, inconsistency, inconsistent
constant constancy, constantly, constants, inconstancy, inconstantly
constitute constituencies, constituency, constituent, constituents, constituted, constitutes, constituting, constitution, constitutions, constitutional, constitutionally, constitutive, unconstitutional
constrain constrained, constraining, constrains, constraint, constraints, unconstrained
construct constructed, constructing, construction, constructions, constructive, constructs, reconstruct, reconstructed, reconstructing, reconstruction, reconstructs
consult consultancy, consultant, consultants, consultation, consultations, consultative, consulted, consults, consulting
consume consumed, consumer, consumers, consumes, consuming, consumption
contact contactable, contacted, contacting, contacts
contemporary contemporaries
context contexts, contextual, contextualise, contextualised, contextualising, uncontextualised
contract contracted, contracting, contractor, contractors, contracts
contradict contradicted, contradicting, contradiction, contradictions, contradictory, contradicts
contrary contrarily
contrast contrasted, contrasting, contrastive, contrasts
contribute contributed, contributes, contributing, contribution, contributions, contributor, contributors
controversy controversies, controversial, controversially, uncontroversial
convene convention, convenes, convened, convening, conventional, conventionally, conventions, unconventional
converse conversely
convert conversion, conversions, converted, convertible, converting, converts
convince convinced, convinces, convincing, convincingly, unconvinced
cooperate cooperated, cooperates, cooperating, cooperation, cooperative, cooperatively, co-operate, co-operated, co-operates, co-operation, co-operative, co-operatively
coordinate coordinated, coordinates, coordinating, coordination, coordinator, coordinators, co-ordinate, co-ordinated, co-ordinates, co-ordinating, co-ordination, co-ordinator, co-ordinators
core cores, coring, cored
corporate corporates, corporation, corporations
correspond corresponded, correspondence, corresponding, correspondingly, corresponds
couple coupled, coupling, couples
create created, creates, creating, creation, creations, creative, creatively, creativity, creator, creators, recreate, recreated, recreates, recreating
credit credited, crediting, creditor, creditors, credits
criteria criterion
crucial crucially
culture cultural, culturally, cultured, cultures, uncultured
currency currencies
cycle cycled, cycles, cyclic, cyclical, cycling
data
debate debatable, debated, debates, debating
decade decades
decline declined, declines, declining
deduce deduced, deduces, deducing, deduction, deductions
define definable, defined, defines, defining, definition, definitions, redefine, redefined, redefines, redefining, undefined
definite definitely, definitive, indefinite, indefinitely
demonstrate demonstrable, demonstrably, demonstrated, demonstrates, demonstrating, demonstration, demonstrations, demonstrative, demonstratively, demonstrator, demonstrators
denote denotation, denotations, denoted, denotes, denoting
deny deniable, denial, denials, denied, denies, denying, undeniable
depress depressed, depresses, depressing, depression
derive derivation, derivations, derivative, derivatives, derived, derives, deriving
design designed, designer, designers, designing, designs
despite
detect detectable, detected, detecting, detection, detective, detectives, detector, detectors, detects
deviate deviated, deviates, deviating, deviation, deviations
device devices
devote devoted, devotedly, devotes, devoting, devotion, devotions
differentiate differentiated, differentiates, differentiating, differentiation
dimension dimensional, dimensions, multidimensional
diminish diminished, diminishes, diminishing, diminution, undiminished
discrete discretely, discretion, discretionary, indiscrete, indiscretion
discriminate discriminated, discriminates, discriminating, discrimination
displace displaced, displacement, displaces, displacing
display displayed, displaying, displays
dispose disposable, disposal, disposed, disposes, disposing
distinct distinction, distinctions, distinctive, distinctively, distinctly, indistinct, indistinctly
distort distorted, distorting, distortion, distortions, distorts
distribute distributed, distributing, distribution, distributional, distributions, distributive, distributor, distributors, redistribute, redistributed, redistributes, redistributing, redistribution
diverse diversely, diversification, diversified, diversifies, diversify, diversifying, diversity
document documentation, documented, documenting, documents
domain domains
domestic domestically, domesticate, domesticated, domesticating, domestics
dominate dominance, dominant, dominated, dominates, dominating, domination
draft drafted, drafting, drafts, redraft, redrafted, redrafting, redrafts
drama dramas, dramatic, dramatically, dramatise, dramatised, dramatising, dramatises, dramatisation, dramatisations, dramatist, dramatists, dramatization, dramatizations, dramatizing
duration
dynamic dynamically, dynamics
economy economic, economical, economically, economics, economies, economist, economists, uneconomical
edit edited, editing, edition, editions, editor, editorial, editorials, editors, edits
element elements
eliminate eliminated, eliminates, eliminating, elimination
emerge emerged, emergence, emergent, emerges, emerging
emphasis emphasise, emphasised, emphasising, emphatic, emphatically
empirical empirically, empiricism
enable enabled, enables, enabling
encounter encountered, encountering, encounters
energy energetic, energetically, energies
enforce enforced, enforcement, enforces, enforcing
enhance enhanced, enhancement, enhances, enhancing
enormous enormity, enormously
ensure ensured, ensures, ensuring
entity entities
environment environmental, environmentalist, environmentalists, environmentally, environments
equate equated, equates, equating, equation, equations
equip equipment, equipped, equipping, equips
equivalent equivalence
erode eroded, erodes, eroding, erosion
error erroneous, erroneously, errors
establish disestablish, disestablished, disestablishes, disestablishing, disestablishment, established, establishes, establishing, establishment, establishments
estate estates
estimate estimated, estimates, estimating, estimation, estimations, over-estimate, overestimate, overestimated, overestimates, overestimating, underestimate, underestimated, underestimates, underestimating
ethic ethical, ethically, ethics, unethical
ethnic ethnicity
evaluate evaluated, evaluates, evaluating, evaluation, evaluations, evaluative, re-evaluate, re-evaluated, re-evaluates, re-evaluating, re-evaluation
eventual eventuality, eventually
evident evidenced, evidence, evidential, evidently
evolve evolution, evolved, evolving, evolves, evolutionary, evolutionist, evolutionists
exceed exceeded, exceeding, exceeds
exclude excluded, excludes, excluding, exclusion, exclusionary, exclusionist, exclusions, exclusive, exclusively
exhibit exhibited, exhibiting, exhibition, exhibitions, exhibits
expand expanded, expanding, expands, expansion, expansionism, expansive
expert expertise, expertly, experts
explicit explicitly
exploit exploitation, exploited, exploiting, exploits
export exported, exporter, exporters, exporting, exports
expose exposed, exposes, exposing, exposure, exposures
external externalisation, externalise, externalised, externalises, externalising, externality
extract extracted, extracting, extraction, extracts
facilitate facilitated, facilitates, facilities, facilitating, facilitation, facilitator, facilitators, facility
factor factored, factoring, factors
feature featured, features, featuring
federal federation, federations
fee fees
file filed, files, filing
final finalise, finalised, finalises, finalising, finality, finally, finals
finance financed, finances, financial, financially, financier, financiers, financing
finite infinite, infinitely
flexible flexibility, inflexible, inflexibility
fluctuate fluctuated, fluctuates, fluctuating, fluctuation, fluctuations
focus focused, focuses, focusing, refocus, refocused, refocuses, refocusing
format formatted, formatting, formats
formula formulae, formulas, formulate, formulated, formulating, formulation, formulations, reformulate, reformulated, reformulating, reformulation, reformulations
forthcoming
found founded, founder, founders, founding, unfounded
foundation foundations
framework frameworks
function functional, functionally, functioned, functioning, functions
fund funded, funder, funders, funding, funds
fundamental fundamentally
furthermore
gender genders
generate generated, generates, generating
generation generations
globe global, globally, globalisation, globalization
goal goals
grade graded, grades, grading
grant granted, granting, grants
guarantee guaranteed, guaranteeing, guarantees
guideline guidelines
hence
hierarchy hierarchical, hierarchies
highlight highlighted, highlighting, highlights
hypothesis hypotheses, hypothesise, hypothesised, hypothesises, hypothesising, hypothetical, hypothetically
identical identically
identify identifiable, identification, identified, identifies, identifying, identities, identity, unidentifiable
ideology ideological, ideologically, ideologies
ignorant ignorance, ignore, ignored, ignores, ignoring
illustrate illustrated, illustrates, illustrating, illustration, illustrations, illustrative
image imagery, images
immigrate immigrant, immigrants, immigrated, immigrates, immigrating, immigration
impact impacted, impacting, impacts
implement implementation, implemented, implementing, implements
implicate implicated, implicates, implicating, implication, implications
implicit implicitly
imply implied, implies, implying
impose imposed, imposes, imposing, imposition
incentive incentives
incidence incident, incidentally, incidents
incline inclination, inclinations,inclined, inclines, inclining
income incomes
incorporate incorporated, incorporates, incorporating, incorporation
index indexed, indexes, indexing
indicate indicated, indicates, indicating, indication, indications, indicative, indicator, indicators
individual individualised, individuality, individualism, individualist, individualists, individualistic, individually, individuals
induce induced, induces, inducing, induction
inevitable inevitability, inevitably
infer inference, inferences, inferred, inferring, infers
infrastructure infrastructures
inherent inherently
inhibit inhibited, inhibiting, inhibition, inhibitions, inhibits
initial initially
initiate initiated, initiates, initiating, initiation, initiations, initiative, initiatives, initiator, initiators
injure injured, injures, injuries, injuring, injury, uninjured
innovate innovation, innovated, innovates, innovating, innovations, innovative, innovator, innovators
input inputs
insert inserted, inserting, insertion, inserts
insight insightful, insights
inspect inspected, inspecting, inspection, inspections, inspector, inspectors, inspects
instance instances
institute instituted, institutes, instituting, institution, institutional, institutionalise, institutionalised, institutionalises, institutionalising, institutionally, institutions
instruct instruction, instructed, instructing, instructions, instructive, instructor, instructors, instructs
integral
integrate integrated, integrates, integrating, integration
integrity
intelligent intelligence, intelligently, unintelligent
intense intensely, intenseness, intensification, intensified, intensifies, intensify, intensifying, intension, intensity, intensive, intensively
interact interacted, interacting, interaction, interactions, interactive, interactively, interacts
intermediate
internal internalise, internalised, internalises, internalising, internally
interpret interpretation, interpretations, interpretative, interpreted, interpreting, interpretive, interprets, misinterpret, misinterpretation, misinterpretations, misinterpreted, misinterpreting, misinterprets, reinterpret, reinterpreted, reinterprets, reinterpreting, reinterpretation, reinterpretations
interval intervals
intervene intervened, intervenes, intervening, intervention, interventions
intrinsic intrinsically
invest invested, investing, investment, investments, investor, investors, invests, reinvest, reinvested, reinvesting, reinvestment, reinvests
investigate investigated, investigates, investigating, investigation, investigations, investigative, investigator, investigators
invoke invoked, invokes, invoking
involve involved, involvement, involves, involving, uninvolved
isolate isolated, isolates, isolating, isolation, isolationism
issue issued, issues, issuing
item itemisation, itemise, itemised, itemises, itemising, items
job jobs
journal journals
justify justifiable, justifiably, justification, justifications, justified, justifies, justifying, unjustified
label labelled, labelling, labels
labour laboured, labouring, labours
layer layered, layering, layers
lecture lectured, lecturer, lecturers, lectures, lecturing
legal illegal, illegality, illegally, legality, legally
legislate legislated, legislates, legislating, legislation, legislative, legislator, legislators, legislature
levy levies
liberal liberalise, liberalism, liberalisation, liberalised, liberalises, liberalising, liberalization, liberate, liberated, liberates, liberation, liberations, liberating, liberator, liberators, liberally, liberals
licence licences, license, licensed, licensing, licenses, unlicensed
likewise
link linkage, linkages, linked, linking, links
locate located, locating, location, locations, relocate, relocated, relocates, relocating, relocation
logic illogical, illogically, logical, logically, logician, logicians
maintain maintained, maintaining, maintains, maintenance
major majorities, majority
manipulate manipulated, manipulates, manipulating, manipulation, manipulations, manipulative
manual manually, manuals
margin marginal, marginally, margins
mature immature, immaturity, maturation, maturational, matured, matures, maturing, maturity
maximise max, maximised, maximises, maximising, maximisation, maximum
mechanism mechanisms
media
mediate mediated, mediates, mediating, mediation
medical medically
medium
mental mentality, mentally
method methodical, methodological, methodologies, methodology, methods
migrate migrant, migrants, migrated, migrates, migrating, migration, migrations, migratory
military
minimal minimalisation, minimalise, minimalises, minimalised, minimalising, minimalist, minimalists, minimalistic, minimally
minimise minimised, minimises, minimising
minimum
ministry ministered, ministering, ministerial, ministries
minor minorities, minority, minors
mode modes
modify modification, modifications, modified, modifies, modifying, unmodified
monitor monitored, monitoring, monitors, unmonitored
motive motivate, motivated, motivates, motivating, motivation, motivations, motives, unmotivated
mutual mutually
negate negative, negated, negates, negating, negatively, negatives
network networked, networking, networks
neutral neutralisation, neutralise, neutralised, neutralises, neutralising, neutrality
nevertheless
nonetheless
norm norms
normal abnormal, abnormally, normalisation, normalise, normalised, normalises, normalising, normality, normally
notion notions
notwithstanding
nuclear
objective objectively, objectivity
obtain obtainable, obtained, obtaining, obtains, unobtainable
obvious obviously
occupy occupancy, occupant, occupants, occupation,occupational, occupations, occupied, occupier, occupiers, occupies, occupying
occur occurred, occurrence, occurrences, occurring, occurs, reoccur, reoccurred, reoccurring, reoccurs
odd odds
offset offsets, offsetting
ongoing
option optional, options
orient orientate, orientated, orientates, orientation, orientating, oriented, orienting, orients, reorient, reorientation
outcome outcomes
output outputs
overall
overlap overlapped, overlapping, overlaps
overseas
panel panelled, panelling, panels
paradigm paradigms
paragraph paragraphing, paragraphs
parallel paralleled, parallels, unparalleled
parameter parameters
participate participant, participants, participated, participates, participating, participation, participatory
partner partners, partnership, partnerships
passive passively, passivity
perceive perceived, perceives, perceiving, perception, perceptions
percent percentage, percentages
period periodic, periodical, periodically, periodicals, periods
persist persisted, persistence, persistent, persistently, persisting, persists
perspective perspectives
phase phased, phases, phasing
phenomenon phenomena, phenomenal
philosophy philosopher, philosophers, philosophical, philosophically, philosophies, philosophise, philosophised, philosophises, philosophising
physical physically
plus pluses
policy policies
portion portions
pose posed, poses, posing
positive positively
potential potentially
practitioner practitioners
precede preceded, precedence, precedent, precedes, preceding, unprecedented
precise imprecise, precisely, precision
predict predictability, predictable, predictably, predicted, predicting, prediction, predictions, predicts, unpredictability, unpredictable
predominant predominance, predominantly, predominate, predominated, predominates, predominating
preliminary preliminaries
presume presumably, presumed, presumes, presuming, presumption, presumptions, presumptuous
previous previously
primary primarily
prime primacy
principal principally
principle principled, principles, unprincipled
prior
priority priorities, prioritisation, prioritise, prioritised, prioritises, prioritising
proceed procedural, procedure, procedures, proceeded, proceeding, proceedings, proceeds
process processed, processes, processing
professional professionally, professionals, professionalism
prohibit prohibited, prohibiting, prohibition, prohibitions, prohibitive, prohibits
project projected, projecting, projection, projections, projects
promote promoted, promoter, promoters, promotes, promoting, promotion, promotions
proportion disproportion, disproportionate, disproportionately, proportional, proportionally, proportionate, proportionately, proportions
prospect prospective, prospects
protocol protocols
psychology psychological, psychologically, psychologist, psychologists
publication publications
publish published, publisher, publishers, publishes, publishing, unpublished
purchase purchased, purchaser, purchasers, purchases, purchasing
pursue pursued, pursues, pursuing, pursuit, pursuits
qualitative qualitatively
quote quotation, quotations, quoted, quotes, quoting
radical radically, radicals
random randomly, randomness
range ranged, ranges, ranging
ratio ratios
rational irrational, rationalisation, rationalisations, rationalise, rationalised, rationalises, rationalising, rationalism, rationality, rationally
react reacted, reacts, reacting, reaction, reactionaries, reactionary, reactions, reactive, reactivate, reactivation, reactor, reactors
recover recoverable, recovered, recovering, recovers, recovery
refine refined, refinement, refinements, refines, refining
regime regimes
region regional, regionally, regions
register deregister, deregistered, deregistering, deregisters, deregistration, registered, registering, registers, registration
regulate deregulated, deregulates, deregulating, deregulation, regulated, regulates, regulating, regulation,regulations, regulator, regulators, regulatory, unregulated
reinforce reinforced, reinforcement, reinforcements, reinforces, reinforcing
reject rejected, rejecting, rejection, rejects, rejections
relax relaxation, relaxed, relaxes, relaxing
release released, releases, releasing
relevant irrelevance, irrelevant, relevance
reluctance reluctant, reluctantly
rely reliability, reliable, reliably, reliance, reliant, relied, relies, relying, unreliable
remove removable, removal, removals, removed, removes, removing
require required, requirement, requirements, requires, requiring
research researched, researcher, researchers, researches, researching
reside resided, residence, resident, residential, residents, resides, residing
resolve resolution, resolved, resolves, resolving, unresolved
resource resourced, resourceful, resources, resourcing, unresourceful, under-resourced
respond responded, respondent, respondents, responding, responds, response, responses, responsive, responsiveness, unresponsive
restore restoration, restored, restores, restoring
restrain restrained, restraining, restrains, restraint, restraints, unrestrained
restrict restricted, restricting, restriction, restrictions, restrictive, restrictively, restricts, unrestricted, unrestrictive
retain retained, retaining, retainer, retainers, retains, retention, retentive
reveal revealed, revealing, reveals, revelation, revelations
revenue revenues
reverse reversal, reversed, reverses, reversible, reversing, reversals, irreversible
revise revised, revises, revising, revision, revisions
revolution revolutionary, revolutionaries, revolutionise, revolutionised, revolutionises, revolutionising, revolutionist, revolutionists, revolutions
rigid rigidities, rigidity, rigidly
role roles
route routed, routes, routing
scenario scenarios
schedule reschedule, rescheduled, reschedules, rescheduling, scheduled, schedules, scheduling, unscheduled
scheme schematic, schematically, schemed, schemes, scheming
scope
section sectioned, sectioning, sections
sector sectors
secure insecure, insecurities, insecurity, secured, securely, secures, securing, securities, security
seek seeking, seeks, sought
select selected, selecting, selection, selections, selective, selectively, selector, selectors, selects
sequence sequenced, sequences, sequencing, sequential, sequentially
series
sex sexes, sexism, sexual, sexuality, sexually
shift shifted, shifting, shifts
significant insignificant, insignificantly, significance, significantly, signified, signifies, signify, signifying
similar dissimilar, similarities, similarity, similarly
simulate simulated, simulates, simulating, simulation
site sites
so-called
sole solely
somewhat
source sourced, sources, sourcing
specific specifically, specification, specifications, specificity, specifics
specify specifiable, specified, specifies, specifying, unspecified
sphere spheres, spherical, spherically
stable instability, stabilisation, stabilise, stabilised, stabilises, stabilising, stability, unstable
statistic statistician, statisticians, statistical, statistically, statistics
status
straightforward
strategy strategic, strategies, strategically, strategist, strategists
stress stressed, stresses, stressful, stressing, unstressed
structure restructure, restructured, restructures, restructuring, structural, structurally, structured, structures, structuring, unstructured
style styled, styles, styling, stylish, stylise, stylised, stylises, stylising
submit submission, submissions, submits, submitted, submitting
subordinate subordinates, subordination
subsequent subsequently
subsidy subsidiary, subsidies, subsidise, subsidised, subsidises, subsidising
substitute substituted, substitutes, substituting, substitution
successor succession, successions, successive, successively, successors
sufficient sufficiency, insufficient, insufficiently, sufficiently
sum summation, summed, summing, sums
summary summaries, summarise, summarised, summarises, summarising, summarisation, summarisations
supplement supplementary, supplemented, supplementing, supplements
survey surveyed, surveying, surveys
survive survival, survived, survives, surviving, survivor, survivors
suspend suspended, suspending, suspends, suspension
sustain sustainable, sustainability, sustained, sustaining, sustains, sustenance, unsustainable
symbol symbolic, symbolically, symbolise, symbolises, symbolised, symbolising, symbolism, symbols
tape taped, tapes, taping
target targeted, targeting, targets
task tasks
team teamed, teaming, teams
technical technically
technique techniques
technology technological, technologically
temporary temporarily
tense tension, tensely, tenser, tensest, tensions
terminate terminal, terminals, terminated, terminates, terminating, termination, terminations
text texts, textual
theme themes, thematic, thematically
theory theoretical, theoretically, theories, theorist, theorists
thereby
thesis theses
topic topical, topics
trace traceable, traced, traces, tracing
tradition non-traditional, traditional, traditionalist, traditionally, traditions
transfer transferable, transference, transferred, transferring, transfers
transform transformation, transformations, transformed, transforming, transforms
transit transited, transiting, transition, transitional, transitions, transitory, transits
transmit transmission, transmissions, transmitted, transmitting, transmits
transport transportation, transported, transporter, transporters, transporting, transports
trend trends
trigger triggered, triggering, triggers
ultimate ultimately
undergo undergoes, undergoing, undergone, underwent
underlie underlay, underlies, underlying
undertake undertaken, undertakes, undertaking, undertook
uniform uniformity, uniformly
unify unification, unified, unifies, unifying
unique uniquely, uniqueness
utilise utilisation, utilised, utilises, utilising, utiliser, utilisers, utility, utilities
valid invalidate, invalidity, validate, validated, validating, validation, validity, validly
vary invariable, invariably, variability, variable, variables, variably, variance, variant, variants, variation, variations, varied, varies, varying
vehicle vehicles
version versions
via
violate violated, violates, violating, violation, violations
virtual virtually
visible visibility, visibly, invisible, invisibility
vision visions
visual visualise, visualised, visualised, visualising, visualisation, visually
volume volumes, vol
voluntary voluntarily, volunteer, volunteering, volunteered, volunteers
welfare
whereas
whereby
widespread