Imply and infer are often misused and confused. Imply and infer are actually almost opposites.
To imply is to suggest something indirectly. Both people and things can imply.
- The use of some Keynesian terms by Treasury officials does not imply the acceptance of Keynes’s precepts.
- When she said, “I will think about it” with a wink, she seemed to imply a positive answer in the future.
To infer is to gather, deduce, or figure out from given information.
- Are we to infer from the texts that the pupils do not understand the differences between right and wrong?
- This was used to infer values of the Census variables for households which never returned a form.
The speaker or writer implies, while the listener or reader infers.