How to use the comma with examples.

The comma’s broad function is to separate words, phrases and clauses in a sentence to make it easily understood.

Setting off names and people

Are you seeing her tomorrow, Jane?
Look, Bob, a beautiful eagle.
Children, be quiet and listen.
Itemising words

Please buy apples, oranges, grapes and onions.
My favourite colours are red, white and blue.
Itemising groups of words

You may have the cheese board, the chocolate cake, the coffee or the mango surprise.
Separating thoughts or qualifications

The reviewers thought it was, after careful consideration, the best book in the category.
It was, on the whole, a very successful evening.
Setting off interjections

Wow, what a beautiful dog!
Well, I have never seen this restaurant so busy.
Wait, I will be there in a minute.
Setting off direct speech

John lifted his eyes and said, “The little green men are coming.”
Comparative and contrasting statements

The bigger they are, the harder they fall.
The more he protested his innocence, the less they listened.
Reinforcing statements

He will pass the exam, I know it.
She is innocent, that’s the truth.
Setting off an introductory word or phrase

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How to use the comma with examples